Tangipahoa Parish Data
Tangipahoa Parish Neighbors
- Amite County, MS
- Pike County, MS
- St. Tammany Parish
- Jefferson Davis Parish
- Newton County, TX
- Jefferson Davis Parish
Welcome to Tangipahoa Parish!
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About Tangipahoa Parish...
Tangipahoa Parish, located near the center of the Florida Parishes of Louisiana, is a physical composite of most of the habitats typical of the lower areas east of the Mississippi River. Prior to 1801, the region was sparsely populated as much of the area was densely forested with pine, oak, gum ash, birch, holly, magnolia, poplar and cypress.
The name, Tangipahoa, means “ear of corn“ or “those who gather corn" which referred to the sub-tribe of the Acolapissa. These Native Americans inhabited the area when French brothers, Pierre and Jean le Moyne, known as Sieurs Bienville and Iberville, arrived to colonize Louisiana. What would become the southern boundary of Tangipahoa Parish was part of the route used by Native Americans to travel from Mobile and Pensacola, through Pass Manchac to Illinois and the Great Lakes regions. Members of the Acolapissa Tribe led Iberville through Manchac, a shortcut to avoid the long winding Mississippi River en route to Biloxi where Bienville awaited. The brothers bestowed the names ‘Maurepas" and “Pontchartrain" on nearby lakes to honor the French ﬁnance ministers who supported the New World French colony, which Sieur Bienville named New Orleans.
The French controlled their Louisiana Territory in the New World for some time, but later the Spanish government took over the area, while the British controlled the area known as the Florida Parishes. Pass Manchac marked the border between Spanish and British Territory. The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 gave the United States the Louisiana Territory, however, the Florida Parishes were not part of the Purchase. After a revolt by local citizens in 1810, their ﬂag, a ﬁve-pointed star on a blue ﬁeld, ﬂew over our area marking the new Independent Republic of West Florida. The revolt by the independent local settlers was put down after seventy-two days, and the area remained an international boundary between Spanish Territory and the United States until 1813 when Louisiana was made a state, which included the area.
The coming of the railroad in the mid 1800's laid the way for development of the area, with business interests developing along the railroad line. It became inconvenient for persons to travel so far to transact their business in the nearby parishes‘ seats of government, prompting concerned citizens to develop their own parish and governmental center to be carved from the territory of the four surrounding parishes. The boundaries were ﬁxed beginning at the state line west of Osyka four miles, south along the Natalbany Creek and Tickfaw River, along die Lake and along the Tchefuncte River to the state line, and west to the place of origin. The boundaries were ﬁxed by legislative law in March 1869 and Tangipahoa Parish was founded.
The Parish is 51 miles long and 18 miles wide and has a total area of 823 square miles, of which 790 square miles of it is land and 33 square miles of it (3.99%) is water. The population in the 1900 Federal Census was 17,625. In 2000 the Federal Census showed a population of 100,588.
Neighboring parishes are Amite County, MS (northwest), Pike County, Mississippi (northeast), St. Tammany Parish (east), Washington Parish (east), St. John the Baptist Parish (south), Livingston Parish (west), and St. Helena Parish (west). Communities in the parish include Amite City, Baptist, Hammond, Independence, Kentwood, Loranger, Manchac, Natalbany, Ponchatoula, Robert, Roseland, Tangipahoa, and Tickfaw.
Tangipahoa Parish Records
Birth Records - The Louisiana State office maintains records for 100 years after the date of birth. Birth records are considered confidential for the first 100 years. For current information on who may obtain a birth record as well as how to submit a request visit the Office of Public Health, Vital Records Registry website or write to them at PO Box 60630, New Orleans, LA 70160.
Birth records older than 100 years are available through the Louisiana State Archives, 3851 Essen Lane, Baton Rouge, LA 70809. (225) 922-1000.
Death Records - The Louisiana State office maintains records for 100 years after the date of death. Death records are considered confidential for the first 100 years. For current information on who may obtain a death record as well as how to submit a request visit the Office of Public Health, Vital Records Registry website or write to them at PO Box 60630, New Orleans, LA 70160.
Death records older than 100 years are available through the Louisiana State Archives, 3851 Essen Lane, Baton Rouge, LA 70809. (225) 922-1000.
Marriage Records - For current information on how to submit a request for a certified copy of an Orleans Parish marriage record less than 50 years old, see the Louisiana Office of Public Health Director, Vital Records and Statistics website or write to PO Box 60630, New Orleans, LA 70160.
Marriage records over 50 years are stored by the Louisiana State Archives, 3851 Essen Lane, Baton Rouge, LA 70809. (225) 922-1000.
Divorce Records - To obtain current information on how to submit a request for a certified copy of divorce records contact the Clerk of Court. For the address of the parish Clerk of Court visit the Tangipahoa Parish Important Addresses page.